The Republic of Armenia undertook to promote, safeguard, and secure the full and equal enjoyment by persons with disabilities of their human rights and fundamental freedoms. Support should be extended to persons with disabilities from early childhood so as to ensure the full development of their potential and the possibility to be equal members of society. Sound qualitative and quantitative research, which will identify the existing gaps related to the environment and service delivery, is essential for the development and implementation of effective policies and programmes in the sector. The survey on the access to services for children with disabilities living in Armenia, carried out by UNICEF upon the request of the Ministry of Labour and Social Issues of the Republic of Armenia, is the first large-scale study of this type. It contains abundant data that will be used by the Government of Armenia for choosing policies to be implemented in the sector.
About 15% of the world population lives with some form of disability. Yet little is known about the economic lives of persons with disabilities, especially in developing countries. This paper uses for the ﬁrst time internationally comparable data to draw an economic proﬁle of persons with disabilities in 15 developing countries. In most countries, disability is found to be signiﬁcantly associated with higher multidimensional poverty as well as lower educational attainment, lower employment rates, and higher medical expenditures. Among persons with disabilities, persons aged 40 and above and persons with multiple disabilities were more likely to be multi-dimensionally poor
When country reports for the 2002 UN Special Session on Children were reviewed, a startling pattern emerged in the CEE/CIS: reported rates of disability among children had doubled, tripled and more during the decade following the collapse of communism. UNICEF set out to investigate the causes of this dramatic increase. This report is a result of that inquiry. It is a first attempt to pull together and analyse data on children with disabilities on a region-wide basis. The portrait that has emerged is somewhat patchy, due largely to data limitations, but it is still compelling. For one, there is the simple fact – and attendant mental image – that at least 317,000 children with disabilities in the region live in residential institutions, often for life. For children with disabilities, this may be the defining legacy of the communist past: the purposeful institutionalization of huge numbers of children, often in large facilities segregated from community and cut off from family.