This article argues that the exclusion of disabled people from international development organizations and research reflects and reinforces the disproportionately high representation of disabled people among the poorest of the poor. The paper commences with a brief exploration of the links between impairment, disability, poverty, and chronic poverty, followed by a discussion of ways in which disability is excluded from development policy. Evidence of the incidence and distribution of disability is then presented. In the final section, the ways in which different institutions challenge poverty and exclusion among disabled people is reviewed. Survey evidence of the limited inclusion of disabled people within development institutions and policies is presented.
This study aims to contribute to the empirical research on social and economic conditions of people with disabilities in developing countries. Using comparable data and methods across countries, this study presents a snapshot of economic and poverty situation of working-age persons with disabilities and their households in 15 developing countries. The study uses data from the World Health Survey (WHS) conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2002-2004 in 30 developed and 40 developing countries across the world.
To provide the World Bank with the information and insights necessary for policy formulation and strategic planning in the area of disability. After describing the two major contemporary disability definitions and comparing their suitability for disability policy and planning, the paper presents a descriptive analysis of the evolution and current status of disability policy and practice.