When country reports for the 2002 UN Special Session on Children were reviewed, a startling pattern emerged in the CEE/CIS: reported rates of disability among children had doubled, tripled and more during the decade following the collapse of communism. UNICEF set out to investigate the causes of this dramatic increase. This report is a result of that inquiry. It is a first attempt to pull together and analyse data on children with disabilities on a region-wide basis. The portrait that has emerged is somewhat patchy, due largely to data limitations, but it is still compelling. For one, there is the simple fact – and attendant mental image – that at least 317,000 children with disabilities in the region live in residential institutions, often for life. For children with disabilities, this may be the defining legacy of the communist past: the purposeful institutionalization of huge numbers of children, often in large facilities segregated from community and cut off from family.
This rapport was written on the basis of the MICSII from the period 1999-2011 and focused on the Ten Questions which specifically discussed children with disabilities. Out of the 65 countries 7 provided the research team with all of the information necessary for an analysis. The purpose of this paper is to use the data under the MICS exercise to produce estimates on children with disability, describe their characteristics and look at the relationship between disability and child development.
The International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) is a framework which allows for the standardized reporting of a wide range of policyrelevant education statistics according to an internationally agreed set of common definitions and concepts thus ensuring cross-national comparability of resulting indicators. The General Conference adopted 34 C/Resolution 20, at its 34th session inviting the Director-General to initiate a review and revision of the 1997 version of the ISCED taking account of changes in education policies and structures over the preceding decade.